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Pecan Management Calendar: November to January

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To properly manage a successful pecan orchard, a well-developed plan should be implemented. Planning will help growers and managers be prepared for tasks that will need to be addressed throughout the year. This calendar can be used as a resource to help with planning.



Continue to harvest your pecans.

Orchard Maintenance

Mark trees for removal that are damaged, and have small or undesirable pecans.

Pecan Nut Show

Select the best examples of each nut cultivar and submit to the local or state show. Learn more about the Oklahoma State Pecan Show at bit.ly/opga-show.



Continue to harvest your pecans.

Orchard Maintenance

Mark for removal damaged trees and those with small or undesirable pecans.



Continue harvest if needed.

Floor Maintenance

Complete needed ground work like tilling and packing (to smooth any rough spots on the orchard floor), remove debris left over from harvest, etc.


Collect graftwood while the trees are dormant. For more information on graftwood collection practices, visit bit.ly/storing-pecan-wood.

Equipment Maintenance

Once harvest is complete, clean and perform any equipment maintenance needed before storing.

Orchard Maintenance

Remove trees marked the previous year for removal.


Start planting trees.


Decisions will depend on the age of the tree.

  • Young trees (trees not in production): Train to a central leader. Remove competing leaders and weak crotches.
  • Older trees (trees that are producing): Remove damaged branches and low hanging branches that interfere with tree management.

Will Chaney serves as a pecan management systems senior research associate and has been with the Noble Research Institute since 2008. He received his bachelor’s degree in Agricultural Leadership and his master’s degree in Horticulture from Oklahoma State University. He grew up on his family’s land in south central Oklahoma. His areas of interest are centered around integrating agricultural animal production and tree crop production into a silvopasture system.