During times of drought, water quantity is an obvious concern to livestock producers. Livestock consume water daily, but evaporation is the primary means of water loss from earthen impoundments.
If your pond is low, this might be the perfect time to renovate poor or marginal largemouth bass, bluegill and channel catfish populations or eliminate undesirable fish such as bullheads, common carp, warmouth and green sunfish. If your pond is dry, you will need to make plans to deepen it before stocking fish next spring when, hopefully, it's full again.
Landowners are often tempted to take advantage of droughts by deepening or enlarging existing ponds when water levels drop low enough or when ponds dry up completely. This can be an opportunity to increase water supply for fisheries and livestock, but certain factors should be considered before spending money and time deepening or enlarging a pond.
Redear sunfish is a member of the sunfish family. This family of fish contains many species, including bluegill, largemouth bass and white crappie, just to name a few.
Many people think that turtles are detrimental to fish populations and believe they need to be removed from impoundments. However, the many species of turtles in southern Oklahoma and northern Texas have varied diets and none of them are exclusively fish.
Filamentous algae are a common concern among pond owners. Sometimes referred to as pond scum or incorrectly as moss, filamentous algae include hundreds of species; many are true algae, while several are cyanobacteria.
The amount of water animals consume is affected by many physiological and environmental factors, one of which is the quality of available water.
Aquatic vegetation is the proper name for the moss seen in ponds and other bodies of water. Unfortunately, many people do not view aquatic vegetation in a favorable light.
Monitoring largemouth bass and bluegill populations over time can help pond managers accomplish their goals. A good way to monitor these trends is to conduct hook and line or electrofishing surveys.
Largemouth bass is the most popular fish in south-central Oklahoma and north-central Texas private impoundments. In this area, more landowners manage for and more fishermen fish for largemouth bass than any other species in private impoundments.