Plant transformation concerns the transfer of one or more genes into the genome of a plant to create novel germplasm having traits (or attributes) that were otherwise unavailable. Genome editing is based on the use of engineered nucleases to delete, replace or insert DNA sequences in the genome of an organism. The technology offers the ability to edit genomes and create targeted changes in the DNA similar to naturally occurring mutations.
In addition to a traditional breeding program, researchers at the Noble Research Institute utilize plant transformation and genome editing to develop forage grasses, legumes and cover crops with improved agronomic traits. Examples of such traits include drought tolerance, improved digestibility, improved phosphate uptake, and production of natural compounds to improve animal or human health. Research outcomes are integrated and used in accordance with state and federal regulations.