1. Research
  2. Areas of Research

Plant Breeding

Plant breeding is the science of changing plant genetics to create new varieties with increased productivity or value-added traits, such as drought tolerance, nutritional value or disease resistance. Research at the Noble Research Institute focuses on the improvement of forages (i.e., grasses, legumes, small grains and cover crops), targeted for agricultural production systems in the Southern Great Plains.

Noble scientists and researchers use a broad range of practices, including evaluation and selection of plant materials, classical breeding (crossing of parental materials to move desired traits from one or more plants into a desired background) and molecular breeding techniques such as the use of molecular markers for selecting the best plants. The Noble Research Institute has created and contributed significant genetic, molecular and bioinformatics resources, including DNA markers, linkage maps and the "breeder's toolbox" to the international scientific community.

Released varieties

  • Elbon winter rye (1956)
  • Bonel winter rye (1966)
  • Maton winter rye (1975)
  • Red River crabgrass (1988)
  • Oklon winter rye (1993)
  • Bates winter rye (1995)
  • Midland 99 bermudagrass (1999)
  • NF-1 Compass plant (year released 2002)
  • NF-1 Compass plant with profuse ligules (year released 2002)
  • Maton II winter rye (2007)
  • EG 1101 switchgrass (2008)
  • EG 1102 switchgrass (2008)
  • EG 2101 switchgrass (2008)
  • NFLT12 Darnel ryegrass (year released 2009)
  • Texoma MaxQ II tall fescue (2009)
  • Bates RS4 winter rye (2013)
  • Heavy Grazer II oat (2013)
  • NF 402 oat (2013)
  • NF 201 triticale (2013)
  • NF 97TF1 tall fescue (2013)
  • NF 101 wheat (2014)
  • NFTW 6001 tall wheatgrass (2014)
  • 'Plainsmen' tall wheatgrass (2014)
  • Impact crabgrass (2016)
  • Renovation white clover (2016)
  • Chisholm tall fescue (2016)