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Osage Orange: Identification and Management

James Locke

By James Locke
Planned Consultation Manager and Senior Soils and Crops Consultant

Posted Sep. 20, 2011

Osage orange [Maclura pomifera (RAF.) C. Schneider] is a native tree species also known as bois d'arc, hedge apple, bodark, horse apple and bowwood. Its natural range was limited primarily to the Red River drainage area in Oklahoma, Texas and Arkansas, in addition to the Texas blackland prairies, post oak savannahs and the Chisos Mountains of Texas. Osage orange is a member of the mulberry family (Moraceae). At maturity, trees may be 30 to 40 feet tall with a crown spread of 20 to 40 feet, although isolated trees under ideal conditions may be up to 70 feet tall.

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