Ponds

Bullheads

Three species of bullhead catfishes occur in Oklahoma and Texas: black bullhead, yellow bullhead, and brown bullhead. Bullheads provide many hours to enjoyment to anglers, especially beginning fishermen. However, they compete directly with channel catfish and sometimes cause water turbidity problems.

Parasite Problems

We receive several summertime calls from fishermen asking about fish infested with parasites. Most often, they are concerned about identification of the parasite and the safety of eating parasite infected fish. The most frequently observed parasites are flukes (grubs) in the larval stage, commonly seen on largemouth bass, bluegill, catfish, and other fishes.

Aquatic Vegetation in Ponds

Whether aquatic vegetation causes problems or not depends on the goals for the pond, the types of vegetation present, and the amounts of vegetation present. For most pond goals, it is very desirable to have some aquatic vegetation present.

Florida Largemouth Bass in Small Impoundments

Many pond owners in Oklahoma are interested in Florida largemouth bass because they tend to grow larger than northern largemouth bass (Figure 1). During the 1970s and early 1980s, fisheries...

Box Type Parallel Bar Barrier

It functions as a trash guard that prevents large debris from flowing into and plugging a pond's overflow pipe. It deters beavers from plugging the overflow pipe. Such a barrier prevents grass carp larger than eight inches and adult game fish from leaving a pond through the overflow pipe.

Controlling Aquatic Vegetation with Grass Carp

In many situations, the use of grass carp is an economical, long lasting, and effective option. However, grass carp are not appropriate for every pond. Whether grass carp should be stocked in a pond or not, depends on the goals for the pond.

Floating Polyethylene Pipe for Livestock Water Access at a Fenced Pond

Diagram of a polyethylene pipe floating livestock water access point. View Publication

Rock Weir

A rock weir is a reasonable approach to stabilizing a small to medium sized overfall. Correctly placed rock can provide long-term erosion control

Pond Fencing

Pond fencing helps reduce erosion and improve water quality where livestock create bare banks and trails along a pond. A pond fence should protect all of a dam, the initial portion of a spillway, a portion of the incoming waterway(s), and most if not all of the shoreline.

Livestock Water Access Point in Pond Fence

Diagram of a pond fence with a livestock water access point. View Publication