Pond Managers Can Take Steps to Avoid a Fish Kill

A fish kill caused by dissolved oxygen (DO) depletion can be a catastrophe for pond managers. Fish kills can occur any time the DO demand is greater than the water can supply - but managers can take steps to avoid such an event in their ponds.

A Secchi Disk is Used to Measure Water Clarity

Standardized measurement of water clarity helps monitor changes that can affect production of fish and aquatic plants, and a Secchi disk is a simple, standard tool used to measure clarity.

Hybrid Hype

Hybrid fishes occur naturally and are raised in hatcheries. Many hybrids have lower fertility but seem to exhibit better growth rates and catchability than the parent species.


Three species of bullhead catfishes occur in Oklahoma and Texas: black bullhead, yellow bullhead, and brown bullhead. Bullheads provide many hours to enjoyment to anglers, especially beginning fishermen. However, they compete directly with channel catfish and sometimes cause water turbidity problems.

Parasite Problems

We receive several summertime calls from fishermen asking about fish infested with parasites. Most often, they are concerned about identification of the parasite and the safety of eating parasite infected fish. The most frequently observed parasites are flukes (grubs) in the larval stage, commonly seen on largemouth bass, bluegill, catfish, and other fishes.

Aquatic Vegetation in Ponds

Whether aquatic vegetation causes problems or not depends on the goals for the pond, the types of vegetation present, and the amounts of vegetation present. For most pond goals, it is very desirable to have some aquatic vegetation present.

Florida Largemouth Bass in Small Impoundments

Many pond owners in Oklahoma are interested in Florida largemouth bass because they tend to grow larger than northern largemouth bass (Figure 1). During the 1970s and early 1980s, fisheries...

Box Type Parallel Bar Barrier

It functions as a trash guard that prevents large debris from flowing into and plugging a pond's overflow pipe. It deters beavers from plugging the overflow pipe. Such a barrier prevents grass carp larger than eight inches and adult game fish from leaving a pond through the overflow pipe.

Controlling Aquatic Vegetation with Grass Carp

In many situations, the use of grass carp is an economical, long lasting, and effective option. However, grass carp are not appropriate for every pond. Whether grass carp should be stocked in a pond or not, depends on the goals for the pond.

Floating Polyethylene Pipe for Livestock Water Access at a Fenced Pond

Diagram of a polyethylene pipe floating livestock water access point. View Publication