Mycotoxins, toxins produced by fungi, are known to negatively affect mammals, birds, and fish. Some of the grain produced this year might have higher levels of mycotoxins due to drought related stresses during seed production.
Aflatoxins are poisonous by-products produced from the fungi Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. These fungi are found in the soil and are responsible for decomposition of plant materials.
Hard times are a regular part of agriculture: drought, market lows, ever-increasing input costs, etc. Those who survive periods of extreme adversity adapt and emerge more knowledgeable, progressive, and committed.
Usually pecans are either harvested "on the halves," splitting the crop equally between grower and harvester, or a price is paid per pound harvested. Another alternative is leasing the trees to another producer who will manage the trees totally, including fertilizing, spraying, pruning, harvest floor cleanup, harvesting and cleaning.
I've spent considerable time this summer visiting with cooperators. Partly it was to assess how they were doing; partly it was to determine how we were doing delivering our services and to see how we might improve. I couldn't have picked a more difficult time for those I visited.
I realize that many of you will produce at a loss for 1998, but at what level and how that loss affects your balance sheet is a very important factor to the continued health of your operation.
Certainly some aquifers do have limited water and now is the time to determine those characteristics. Running a simple pump test will provide facts about the well for future planning.
Before initiating a corn-based feeding program carefully consider management requirements. Some of major concerns are discussed in this article.
The bermudagrass variety test has been clipped four times thus far during the 1998 growing season. An abundant accumulation of soil profile moisture during the winter and early spring was apparently sufficient to sustain the grasses through the early part of the growing season.
The most effective lethal control techniques are trapping and night shooting. Although the two lethal control methods are effective, new beavers may move back into an area. This led us to the innovation of an electrical flotation device that deters beavers from plugging overflow inlets.